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By toyboy07 • 12 days ago • 58 views • 12 comments

Is almost every woman you meet in Nigeria wearing a wig? Yes, if

you believe recent reporting by many of the country’s reputable

publications.

This was for fashion purposes, many said , with the convenience of

wigs and their ability to transform a person’s look “in seconds” said

to be behind the trend.

But is the eye-raising statistic accurate?

Survey of 1,100 women

The reports all cited a study by the News Agency of Nigeria, the

country’s largest public newswire.

The survey of 1,100 women aged 18 to 35 found that “no fewer than

eight out of 10 Nigerian women” wore wigs daily.

According to the reports, the survey found that 81.8% of

respondents owned wigs and preferred them to sew-in weaves.

Those who did not wear wigs ( 18.2% ) said they were heavy.

Some 54.5% owned one to three wigs and 45.5% owned six or more,

so they could wear different wigs on different days.

Research in three major cities

Africa Check contacted Anita Eboigbe, the agency reporter who

conducted the survey. She said the research was done in December

2018 and January 2019.

“I conducted the survey in Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt,” she

said. “There was no team involved in carrying out the survey. I

practically carried out the survey myself.”

This was as part of a larger topic “a friend” was working on, Eboigbe

said. “Nigerian ladies and wigs (which is the focus of my study) was

more or less a subset of what my colleague was working

on.”Eboigbe did not give details on how the survey was structured.

But she did say she had “focused on working-class women in the

three states”.

Rural women ‘not considered’

But the survey as reported could not apply to all of Nigeria,

statisticians told Africa Check.

The study should have considered at least two or three states in

each of Nigeria’s six geopolitical zones, said Tunde Akinoladokun, a

retired statistician.

“The result of the survey should not be generalised to all Nigerian

women. She also didn’t consider women in rural areas. Women who

aren’t working should have been included in the survey.”

More widespread sample needed

Prof Abayomi Adebayo, a former dean of economics at the Obafemi

Awolowo University agreed the sample used should have been more

widespread.

“For the fact that she only considered three states, I would say it is a

study of major cities in Nigeria. We can’t use the study to judge

Nigerian women in general.”

The study should also have considered income levels in other states,

Adebayo added.

To generalise the result, the researcher would have needed to

interview women across states, ages, income brackets and other key

criteria, said Emmanuella Akarawak, a data analyst at the University

of Lagos.

‘Survey still in progress’

Eboigbe said the headlines did not reflect the findings of the survey,

which was still ongoing.

“I didn’t cast the headline though, my editors did,” she said. “But

what I always ensure is that whenever I write a story the body is a

true picture of my intentions.”

“I know the headline should have included the states I mentioned,

but that isn’t my fault.”

Conclusion: Data doesn’t support claim that

eight in 10 Nigerian women wear wigs daily.

A survey widely reported in the media claimed 81.8% of women in

Nigeria wore wigs daily. Some 1,100 women aged 18 to 35 in Lagos,

Abuja and Port Harcourt were interviewed.

But experts said survey results from only working class women in

the three cities couldn’t be said to apply to all the women in Nigeria.

An expert said the researcher would have had to interview women

across states, ages, income brackets and other key criteria to get a

broader result.

We therefore rate the claim as reported in the media as misleading.

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